I have 2 color

Color1 = 0xFF040D4D

Color2 = 0xFF4D040D

How mix it and get this?

ColorResult = 0xFF310825

i need

Color1 - Color2

or Color1 / Color2

or what plz tell me.

## Easy Question about Colors Topic is solved

### Re: Easy Question about Colors

Isolate each color (>>operator I think can do this for ya, but I haven't done it that way myself -- it'll be able to shorten up the math though to get it all done in one go -- you also need to do something with the & operator and 0xFF... it's on the forums somewhere).

If you have the values 4D and 04, and if you use SetFormat to do Hexadecimal for your maths. It looks like you want the average, but that doesn't quite work right.

Edit:

All this math can be compressed into four lines (or even one if you wanted), and then the concatenation for the final_answer. Probably could do well with a function that takes the inputs and splits into an array or better name variables to do a loop through them. But, whichever. Just a proof of concept.

And jeeswg is right below, we shouldn't use floor divide, because that forces a round down. So Round() is better. The code below reflects that. (Though when it was doing round down,

But that only comes up with a final answer of 0xFF29092D, which is off from the desired 0xFF310825 - assuming these are RGB values, the desired value is biased toward red (+0x08) and against blue (-0x08).

If you have the values 4D and 04, and if you use SetFormat to do Hexadecimal for your maths. It looks like you want the average, but that doesn't quite work right.

Code: [Select all] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

SetFormat, Integer, H

var1:=0x4D

var2:=0x04

average:=(var1+var2)//2 ; floor divide, otherwise you get an odd number which when divided by 2 becomes a fraction and appears as a decimal.

MsgBox % average

return

Edit:

All this math can be compressed into four lines (or even one if you wanted), and then the concatenation for the final_answer. Probably could do well with a function that takes the inputs and splits into an array or better name variables to do a loop through them. But, whichever. Just a proof of concept.

And jeeswg is right below, we shouldn't use floor divide, because that forces a round down. So Round() is better. The code below reflects that. (Though when it was doing round down,

`g_avg:=(g1+g2)//2`

gave the answer of 0x8 (0x08) which matches up with the third byte in your expected result, OP.)Code: [Select all] [Expand] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

!3::

SetFormat, Integer, H

color1:=0xFF040D4D

color2:=0xFF4D040D

a1:=(color1>>(8*3)) & 0xFF

r1:=(color1>>(8*2)) & 0xFF

g1:=(color1>>(8*1)) & 0xFF

b1:=(color1>>(8*0)) & 0xFF

a2:=(color2>>(8*3)) & 0xFF

r2:=(color2>>(8*2)) & 0xFF

g2:=(color2>>(8*1)) & 0xFF

b2:=(color2>>(8*0)) & 0xFF

; you'll notice the values like 0x04 are shown as 0x4 here, but that doesn't hurt the math

MsgBox % a1 "`t" r1 "`t" g1 "`t" b1 "`n" a2 "`t" r2 "`t" g2 "`t" b2

a_avg:=Round((a1+a2)/2)

r_avg:=Round((r1+r2)/2)

g_avg:=Round((g1+g2)/2)

b_avg:=Round((b1+b2)/2)

; then we need to pad them

MsgBox % a_avg "`t" r_avg "`t" g_avg "`t" b_avg

If StrLen(a_avg)=3

a_avg:=StrReplace(a_avg,"x","x0")

If StrLen(r_avg)=3

r_avg:=StrReplace(r_avg,"x","x0")

If StrLen(g_avg)=3

g_avg:=StrReplace(g_avg,"x","x0")

If StrLen(b_avg)=3

b_avg:=StrReplace(b_avg,"x","x0")

MsgBox % a_avg "`t" r_avg "`t" g_avg "`t" b_avg

; But what we really needed out of that was just the last two digits for each number, getting rid of the 0x prefix

a_avg:=SubStr(a_avg,-1) ; position 0 is last, position -1 is second to last

r_avg:=SubStr(r_avg,-1)

g_avg:=SubStr(g_avg,-1)

b_avg:=SubStr(b_avg,-1)

; and concatenate it

final_answer:="0x" a_avg r_avg g_avg b_avg

MsgBox % final_answer

return

But that only comes up with a final answer of 0xFF29092D, which is off from the desired 0xFF310825 - assuming these are RGB values, the desired value is biased toward red (+0x08) and against blue (-0x08).

Last edited by Exaskryz on 11 Aug 2017, 16:14, edited 1 time in total.

### Re: Easy Question about Colors Topic is solved

I've been working recently, with a lot of this type of maths. I've found it quite hard to get this concise:

I was tempted to use bitshift, but bitshift rounds down, and any halves when rounded to the nearest integer, should be rounded up.

I also discovered that if you apply the Format function, specifying an integer as the output format, that truncates the integer, instead of rounding it, so I had to use the Round function.

However, it may be possible to improve on my code.

There may be some other algorithm that is calculating your colour 'average', if anyone is familiar with colour averages.

@masheen: If you can mention the program you are using, or provide a link to a website that gives you the same results, that would be useful.

Code: [Select all] [Expand] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

q:: ;take average of 2 RGB values based on separate R/G/B values

vCol1 := 0x040D4D

vCol2 := 0x4D040D

vCol3 := Format("0x{:02X}{:02X}{:02X}", Round(((vCol1&0xFF0000)+(vCol2&0xFF0000))/0x20000), Round(((vCol1&0xFF00)+(vCol2&0xFF00))/0x200), Round(((vCol1&0xFF)+(vCol2&0xFF))/2))

MsgBox, % vCol3 ;0x29092D

vCol1 := 0xFF040D4D

vCol2 := 0xFF4D040D

vCol3 := Format("0x{:02X}{:02X}{:02X}{:02X}", Round(((vCol1&0xFF000000)+(vCol2&0xFF000000))/0x2000000), Round(((vCol1&0xFF0000)+(vCol2&0xFF0000))/0x20000), Round(((vCol1&0xFF00)+(vCol2&0xFF00))/0x200), Round(((vCol1&0xFF)+(vCol2&0xFF))/2))

MsgBox, % vCol3 ;0xFF29092D

return

I was tempted to use bitshift, but bitshift rounds down, and any halves when rounded to the nearest integer, should be rounded up.

I also discovered that if you apply the Format function, specifying an integer as the output format, that truncates the integer, instead of rounding it, so I had to use the Round function.

However, it may be possible to improve on my code.

There may be some other algorithm that is calculating your colour 'average', if anyone is familiar with colour averages.

@masheen: If you can mention the program you are using, or provide a link to a website that gives you the same results, that would be useful.

### Re: Easy Question about Colors

jeeswg wrote:I've been working recently, with a lot of this type of maths. I've found it quite hard to get this concise:Code: [Select all] [Expand] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

q:: ;take average of 2 RGB values based on separate R/G/B values

vCol1 := 0x040D4D

vCol2 := 0x4D040D

vCol3 := Format("0x{:02X}{:02X}{:02X}", Round(((vCol1&0xFF0000)+(vCol2&0xFF0000))/0x20000), Round(((vCol1&0xFF00)+(vCol2&0xFF00))/0x200), Round(((vCol1&0xFF)+(vCol2&0xFF))/2))

MsgBox, % vCol3 ;0x29092D

vCol1 := 0xFF040D4D

vCol2 := 0xFF4D040D

vCol3 := Format("0x{:02X}{:02X}{:02X}{:02X}", Round(((vCol1&0xFF000000)+(vCol2&0xFF000000))/0x2000000), Round(((vCol1&0xFF0000)+(vCol2&0xFF0000))/0x20000), Round(((vCol1&0xFF00)+(vCol2&0xFF00))/0x200), Round(((vCol1&0xFF)+(vCol2&0xFF))/2))

MsgBox, % vCol3 ;0xFF29092D

return

I was tempted to use bitshift, but bitshift rounds down, and any halves when rounded to the nearest integer, should be rounded up.

I also discovered that if you apply the Format function, specifying an integer as the output format, that truncates the integer, instead of rounding it, so I had to use the Round function.

However, it may be possible to improve on my code.

There may be some other algorithm that is calculating your colour 'average', if anyone is familiar with colour averages.

@masheen: If you can mention the program you are using, or provide a link to a website that gives you the same results, that would be useful.

thx. Can u tell me how i can to know grayscale color or not?

example i have color

**0xFF5D5D5D**

how to do?

**if R = G = B =**

**Grayscale**

### Re: Easy Question about Colors

This should do it:

Code: [Select all] [Expand] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

q:: ;check if R/G/B values are equal to each other

vCol := 0xFF5D5D5D

;vCol := 0xFF5D5D5E

;vCol := 0x5D5D5D

;vCol := 0x5D5D5E

if ((vCol>>16)&0xFF = vCol&0xFF) && ((vCol>>8)&0xFF = vCol&0xFF)

MsgBox, % "y"

else

MsgBox, % "n"

return

Last edited by jeeswg on 13 Aug 2017, 07:23, edited 1 time in total.

### Re: Easy Question about Colors

jeeswg wrote:This should do it:Code: [Select all] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

q:: ;check if R/G/B values are equal to each other

vCol := 0xFF5D5D5D

;vCol := 0xFF5D5D5E

if ((vCol>>16)&0xFF = vCol&0xFF) && ((vCol>>8)&0xFF = vCol&0xFF)

MsgBox, % "y"

else

MsgBox, % "n"

return

thx work goood.

Last question if i have color without alpha like this 0x5D5D5D

can u help?

### Re: Easy Question about Colors

I found two interesting articles:

Both don't retrieve the result you posted in the OP (0x310825). The first one is a fast replacement for the methods posted by Exaskryz and jeeswg but is rounding down by design.

You have the agony of choice!

Both don't retrieve the result you posted in the OP (0x310825). The first one is a fast replacement for the methods posted by Exaskryz and jeeswg but is rounding down by design.

Code: [Select all] [Expand] [Download] GeSHi © Codebox Plus

#NoEnv

Color1 := 0x040D4D

Color2 := 0x4D040D

Color3 := Format("0x{:06X}", Average1(Color1, Color2)) ; 0x28082D

Color4 := Format("0x{:06X}", Average2(Color1, Color2)) ; 0x370A37

Color5 := 0x310825 ; the value from your first post

Gui, Margin, 1, 1

Gui, Font, s16

Gui, Add, Progress, w600 h100 Background%Color1%

Gui, Add, Text, xp yp wp hp cWhite Center +0x200 +BackgroundTrans, %Color1%

Gui, Add, Progress, w600 h100 Background%Color2%

Gui, Add, Text, xp yp wp hp cWhite Center +0x200 +BackgroundTrans, %Color2%

Gui, Add, Progress, w600 h100 Background%Color3%

Gui, Add, Text, xp yp wp hp cWhite Center +0x200 +BackgroundTrans, Average1: %Color3%

Gui, Add, Progress, w600 h100 Background%Color4%

Gui, Add, Text, xp yp wp hp cWhite Center +0x200 +BackgroundTrans, Average2: %Color4%

Gui, Add, Progress, w600 h100 Background%Color5%

Gui, Add, Text, xp yp wp hp cWhite Center +0x200 +BackgroundTrans, Your result: %Color5%

Gui, Show, , Test

Return

GuiClose:

ExitApp

Average1(Color1, Color2) {

; www.compuphase.com/graphic/scale3.htm, modified to work only on the RGB part of an ARGB

Return (((Color1 ^ Color2) & 0xFEFEFE) >> 1) + (Color1 & Color2 & 0xFFFFFF)

}

Average2(Color1, Color2) {

; medium.com/@kevinsimper/how-to-average-rgb-colors-together-6cd3ef1ff1e5

R := Round(Sqrt(((R(Color1)**2) + (R(Color2)**2)) / 2))

G := Round(Sqrt(((G(Color1)**2) + (G(Color2)**2)) / 2))

B := Round(Sqrt(((B(Color1)**2) + (B(Color2)**2)) / 2))

Return RGB(R, G, B)

}

R(Color) {

Return (Color >> 16) & 0xFF

}

G(Color) {

Return (Color >> 8) & 0xFF

}

B(Color) {

Return (Color & 0xFF)

}

RGB(R, G, B) {

Return ((R & 0xFF) << 16) | ((G & 0xFF) << 8) | (B & 0xFF)

}

You have the agony of choice!

Remaining with AHK 1.1.25.02 until v2 will become beta.

### Re: Easy Question about Colors

@masheen: I wrote it in such a way that it handles RGB values with/without an alpha value. If you look over the code you will see that it doesn't matter whether the value has a alpha value or not.

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